A few thoughts for a young man. As "the child is father to the man," so may the training of the schoolroom expand into the institutions and fortunes of the State.
As the right of sustenance is of equal date with birth, so the right of intellectual and moral training begins at least as early as when children are ordinarily sent to school.
The wanton destruction of the property of others,--the burning of hay-ricks and corn-ricks, the demolition of machinery, because it supersedes hand-labor, the sprinkling of vitriol on rich dresses,--is only agrarianism run mad.
Mann hoped that by bringing all children of all classes together, they could have a common learning experience. Find a middle course. The partition of the powers of government into the three co-ordinate branches,--legislative, judicial, and executive,--with the duties appropriately devolving upon each; the mode of electing or of appointing all officers, with the reason on which it was founded; and, especially, the duty of every Horace manns 12th annual report, in a government of laws, to appeal to the courts for redress, in all cases of alleged wrong, instead of undertaking to vindicate his own rights by his own arm; and, in a government where the people are the acknowledged sources of power, the duty of changing laws and rulers by an appeal to the ballot, and not by rebellion, should be taught to all the children until they are fully understood.
He cannot deny that there are thousands around him on whom he acts, and who are continually reacting upon him.
But to avoid such a catastrophe, shall all teaching, relative to the nature of our government, be banished from our schools; and shall our children be permitted to grow up in entire ignorance of the political history of their country? Since the prosperity of the state has been attributed to education then why not give back?
Surely not for any one man, nor for any one generation, but for the subsistence and benefit of the whole race from the beginning to the end of time.
Almost all the champions of education seize upon this argument, first of all; because it is so simple as to be understood by the ignorant, and so strong as to convince the skeptical. However elevated the moral character of a constituency may be; however well informed in matters of general science or history, yet they must, if citizens of a Republic, understand something of the true nature and functions of the government under which they live.
The number of improvers will increase, as the intellectual constituency, if I may so call it, increases. According to population and territorial extent, there is far more capital in Massachusetts,--capital which is movable, and instantaneously available,--than in any other state in the Union; and probably both these qualifications respecting population and territory could be omitted without endangering the truth of the assertion.
And, beyond all this, if the imagination can conceive any thing more deplorable than this, what kind of political doctrines would be administered to the children, amid the vicissitudes of party domination,--their alternations of triumph and defeat?
Mann saw an educated person as someone who was in charge of their own future and able to better themselves within their social community.
So far is it from being a wrong or a hardship to demand of the possessors of property their respective shares for the prosecution of this divinely ordained work, that they themselves are guilty of the most far-reaching injustice when they seek to resist or to evade the contribution.
If he will invent an axe, or other instrument, by which to cut down a tree, he can use the tree for a float, and one of its limbs for a paddle, and can thus transport many times the former weight, many times the former distance. Horace Mann on the crisis in education.
The dealer in small wares requires less knowledge than the merchant who exports and imports to and from all quarters of the globe. On mere principles of political economy, it is folly; on the broader principles of duty and morality, it is embezzlement It is not at all in contravention of this view of the subject that the adult portion of society does take, and must take, upon itself the control and management of all existing property until the rising generation has arrived at the age of majority.
This civil regulation, therefore, made necessary even for the benefit of both present and future possessors, is only in furtherance of the great law under consideration Coincident, too, with this great law, but in no manner superseding or invalidating it, is that wonderful provision which the Creator has made for the care of offspring in the affection of their parents.
To have created such beings as we are, and to have placed them in this world, without the light of the sun, would be no more cruel than for a government to suffer its laboring classes to grow up without knowledge No human enactment can abolish or countervail this paramount and supreme law; and all those positive and often arbitrary enactments of the civil code, by which, for the encouragement of industry and frugality, the possessor of property is permitted to control it for a limited period after his decease, must be construed and executed in subservience to this sovereign and irrepealable ordinance of nature Nor is this transfer always, or even generally, to be made in kind, but according to the needs of the recipient.Report No.
12 of the Massachusetts School Board () Horace Mann. The European tradition of education centered in the family rather than in schools did not take root in the United States, because the pattern of the extended family--several generations living under one roof--disappeared on the frontier.
Mann's only instrument was the Annual Report he wrote, in which he set forth his vision of what education should be in a free society. Between andMann became the best-known educator in America, and the best-known American educator throughout the world. The investor relations site ("Site") with which this document is associated is maintained by S&P Global Market Intelligence ("S&P") on behalf of the organization featured on the Site (S&P's "Client").
Mann portrays the glory of education in grand, almost heroic terms. He is speaking specifically about the 12 experiment of Common Schools. it may become the most effective and benign of. Mann's only instrument was the Annual Report he wrote, in which he set forth his vision of what education should be in a free society.
Between andMann became the best-known educator in America, and the best-known American educator throughout the world. Tenth Annual Report to the Secretary of the Massachusetts State Board of Education () Lyrics: The Pilgrim Fathers amid all their privations and dangers conceived the magnificent idea, not only.Download