On 4 Septemberhe assembled a congress in Sivas. Malaria and trouble with his eyes required him to leave the front for treatment in Vienna.
French troops advanced into Cilicia in the southeast. Abandoning his official reason for being in Anatolia—to restore order—he headed inland for Amasya.
Mustafa Kemal Pasha on the cover of Time magazine's issue of 24 March French troops advanced into Cilicia in the southeast.
This was constructed years later: He was assigned to the defense of the Gallipoli Peninsula, an area of strategic importance with respect to the Dardanelles. Greece and Italy put forward competing claims for southwestern Anatolia.
Mustafa Kemal was appointed as the head of the executive committee of the congress. Resigning his post, he returned without permission to Istanbul. His physical problems would later require him to have a personal physician in constant attendance throughout his years as president of the Turkish republic.
Minority populations were exchanged on both sides, borders were set, and military problems such as naval equality in the eastern Mediterranean were ironed out.
By the treaties of Alexandropol December 3, and Moscow March 16,the nationalists regained the eastern provinces, as well as the cities of Kars and Ardahan, and the Soviet Union became the first nation to recognize the nationalist government in Ankara.
Abandoning his official reason for being in Anatolia—to restore order—he headed inland for Amasya. Relations were renewed with Bulgaria. Prominent nationalists at the Sivas Congress. The Allies made plans to incorporate the provinces of eastern Anatolia into an independent Armenian state.
The Allies made plans to incorporate the provinces of eastern Anatolia into an independent Armenian state.
He found the situation there worse than he had imagined and withdrew northward to save the lives of as many of his soldiers as possible.Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was born (under the name Ali Rıza oğlu Mustafa) in the early months ofeither in the Ahmet Subaşı neighbourhood or at a house (preserved as a museum) in Islahhane Street (now Apostolou Pavlou Street) in the Koca Kasım Pasha neighbourhood in Salonica (Selanik), Ottoman Empire (Thessaloniki in present-day Greece), to Ali Rıza Efendi, a militia officer, title.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (Turkish: [mustaˈfa ceˈmal aˈtaˌtyɾc]; 19 May (conventional) – 10 November ) was a Turkish army officer, revolutionary, and founder of the Republic of Turkey, serving as its first President from until his death in Ideologically a secularist and nationalist, his policies and theories became known as Kemalism.
Kemal Atatürk, (Turkish: “Kemal, Father of Turks”), original name Mustafa Kemal, also called Mustafa Kemal Paṣa, (bornSalonika [now Thessaloníki], Greece—died November 10,Istanbul, Turkey), soldier, statesman, and reformer who was the founder and first president (–38) of the Republic of agronumericus.com modernized the country’s legal and educational systems and.
Kemal Atatürk: Kemal Ataturk, soldier, statesman, and reformer who was the founder and first president (–38) of the Republic of Turkey.Download